drug detection dog discipline is split into two main fields, Passive
and Pro-active. The pro-active dog does not confront the
public and is therefore permitted a natural indication. The main
users in the UK are government agencies but the market is rapidly
expanding in the civil sector especially as a source of supply for
Drug detection dogs have a high commercial value being employed in the front
line in the war against drugs.
The Passive response drug detection dog is trained to detect drugs hidden
on the person. Working in public areas, principally in air and sea
ports, the dogs monitor people passing by and indicate by sitting
in front of the suspect.
The taller gun dog breeds are used because the dog requires sufficient
height to be able to scent drugs on the upper body. Springer spaniels
are generally excluded from this discipline. Spaniels however, are
recommended as first choice pro-active dogs.